In general, the following are the principles of decision-making:
- Principle of Definition For the correct decision to be made, the leader must be aware of the exact problem. Once the real problem has been correctly identified and defined, a solution can be sought. Too often, time and energy are wasted solving the wrong problems.
- Principle of Evidence Decisions must be based on some kind of evidence-backed judgment. Decisions made hastily and without sufficient evidence usually reveal to be incorrect. Every choice a decision-maker makes needs to be carefully considered and supported by facts.
- Principle of Identity Different people have different perspectives on the same thing. The same fact could appear different to different people. When making a decision, it is critical to accommodate the viewpoints of all the people involved. Every person should be heard and their opinions carefully weighed before making a conclusion.
More Notable Principles
- Purpose-Driven People need a reason to participate in the process.
- Inclusive, Not Exclusive All interested parties in the issue should be involved in the collaborative process.
- Educational The process relies on mutual education of all participants
- Voluntary The interested parties must participate voluntarily.
- Self-Designed All parties have an equal opportunity to participate in the collaborative process. It must be explainable and designed to meet the circumstances and needs of the situation.
- Flexible The process should be able to accommodate changing issues, data needs, political environment, and programmatic constraints such as time and meeting arrangements.
- Egalitarian All parties have an equal access to relevant information and the opportunity to participate effectively throughout the process.
- Respectful The diverse values, interests, and knowledge of the involved parties must be accepted.
- Accountable The participants are accountable both to their constituencies and to the process that they have agreed to establish.
- Time-Limited Realistic deadlines are necessary throughout the process.
- Achievable The involved parties must make sure that the decision made is feasible.
- Openness Decision-makers should be accepting of the opinions of the community they serve.
- Responsiveness The needs of all involved parties must be met.
- Representative The decision should be made in accordance to the interests of the entire community.
- Stewardship All resources must be used carefully, lawfully, and in the interest of the entire community.
- Integrity Decisions must be made while following the highest of ethical standards.
- Equality Everyone should be served and reached by the decision made.
Principles of Making Good Decisions
These are the principles of good decision-making:
- All actions should be proportionate to the outcome.
- All decisions should reflect a respect for human rights.
- We should be clear about our goals and what we want to achieve.
- We should consider equality and diversity.